John Ronald Reuel Tolkein was born on January 3, 1892 in Bloemfontein Africa. He was the child of Arthur Reuel Tolkein and Mabel Suffield Tolkien. He also had a brother named Hilary Arthur Reuel Tolien. His father and mother were originally from England, but they moved to Africa for Arthur's job. His father died on February 15,1896 of a hemorrhage but was also siffering from rheumatic fever. After his father died, Mabel moved back to England to a small village of the outskirts of Birmingham in the Sarehole Countryside. He grew up in the county and loved to spend his time outdoors climbing trees. He may have put some of the inspiration from his childhood into his work.
Tolkien's mother knew a variety of languages including French, German and Latin. She taught Tolkien and he imediatly fell in love with languages. From his early childhood, he loved to draw. He also loved to read. His favorite story was the Norse myth of Sigurd the Volsung. As you can see, he has always loved fairy tales. He not only liked to read them, he enjoyed writting stories about dragons.
When Mabel moved back to England, she converted to catholicism. This made the Tolkien's mad and they stopped supporting her. In 1900 She sent Tolkien to King Edward VI school, the best grammer school in Birmingham. It was here that he learned another language; Greek. Sadley, in 1904, Mabel died of diabetes. Tolkien was twelve. After his mother's death, Father Francis Morgan, a friend of Mabel's, took care of the children. He sent Tolkien to Oxford and in 1915, he earned a First Class degree in English. While in Oxford, he learned even more languages. They were Anglo-Saxon, Middle-English, OldNorse, Spanish and Gothic. He also learned a language called Finnish. He eventually made up his own language based on it, which appeared in the Elves' language in Lord of the Rings.
At the age of 21, Tolkien joined when war was declared on Germany. During WWI, he lost his two best friends. When he got back from the war,He married Edith Bratt. They had wrote love letters to each other earlier, but the relationship was stopped by Father Morgan.
In 1926,Tolkien became a professor at Oxford. During his time at Oxford, he met a friend named C.S. Lewis. The two both loved literature and they both belived that christianity was important. They often criticed each others work. A quote from Tolkien: "C.S. Lewis is a very old friend and colleague of mine, and indeed I owe to his encouragement the fact that in spite of obstacles I perservered and eventully finished the Lord of the Rings." His first book the Hobbit was published on September 21, 1937. Tolkien started the Lord of the Rings in December of 1937 and the Fellowship of the Ring and the Two Towers were not published until 1954. The Return of the King wsa published ih 1955. His other works include; Farmer Giles of Ham, The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, Tree and Leaf, Smith of Wocton Major, the Father Christmas Letters and the Silmarillion.
Tolkien had two sons, Michael and Christopher. When Christopher was little, he suffered from heart disease. The children always loved to hear their father's stories. Tolkien later on made an agreement with his son that if he did not finish the Silmarillion before he died, that Christopher would complete it. Not too long after on September 3, 1973, Tolkien died of an acute bleeding gastric ulcer and a chest infection. He was buried in a cemetery on the outskirts of Oxford, next to Edith. Edith had died three years earlier.
The Lord of the Rings is one of the greatest works of literature. Tolkiens love for myths and languages inspired him to write the fantasy. The real inspiration is from his life. Ever scince he was little he loved the countryside and liked to climb trees. He loved his country, and Middle-Earth resembles Englan. He mourned when Elngland ws being destroyed by pratice bomb target fields and he knew the misery of war. Most of all, he loved his religion, which is what the books are strongly based on.
We love Tolkien's books so much because he makes us feel like the characters and Middle-Earth actually existed. We can also relate to the themes in his story and they can inspire us. The Lord of the Rings will always be one of the most memerable works of literature.